Featured PMP® Exam Lessons Learned from Saima Rizwan, PMP

Featured PMP® Exam Lessons Learned from Saima Rizwan, PMPLessons learned towards becoming a Project Management Professional (PMP)® shared with us by PM PrepCast student Saima Rizwan, PMP.

"I passed PMP® not in the first attempt, as if you are doing a job, having three kids and have to manage everything, it's not so easy. But I must acknowledge simulator mock questions and PM Wars as it kept me giving awareness and did not let me lose my interest. THE MOST IMPORTANT THING IS TO CONCENTRATE, WHICH I LEARNT WHILE SOLVING SIMULATOR QUESTIONS AND TIME MANAGEMENT.

I continued practicing questions until I solved 200 questions within 3 hours of mock papers and 1 hour I used to check my wrong answers with explanations..."

Read more here: https://www.project-management-prepcast.com/kunena/pmp-exam-lessons-learned/7087-passed-my-pmp-on-21st-march-2018-as-i-was-not-getting-any-vacancy-cornelius-fichtner-guided-me-to-continue-applying

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Free PMP® Exam Sample Question

Free PMP® Exam Sample QuestionA project manager is performing quality assurance for a project to analyze and update the manufacturing process for a consumer electronics manufacturer. The project's primary objective is to reduce the defect rate of the production process. Which of the following would be the most beneficial for this project?

A. Introducing the use of a kanban board into the manufacturing process
B. Consulting with a certified Six Sigma Black Belt expert
C. Utilizing rolling wave planning for the project
D. Adopting a just-in-time (JIT) manufacturing process

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HINT: Which of the answer choices represents an action which promotes the use of a common quality improvement tool used to analyze and evaluate opportunities for improvement?
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All our questions are updated to the latest A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide) standard. Stop by at http://free.pm-exam-simulator.com/ and try the PM Exam Simulator free for 7 days. We are a Project Management Institute (PMI)® Registered Education Provider.

Answer and Explanation:
The correct answer is B.

The question implies that the project manager is carrying the Manage Quality process. Quality improvements can occur based on findings and recommendations from the quality control processes, the findings of the quality audit or problem-solving in the Manage Quality process. Plan-do-check-act and Six Sigma are two of the most common quality improvement tools used to analyze and evaluation opportunities for improvement. A person with the Six Sigma Black Belt certification is an individual that has been trained to apply Six Sigma tools and techniques for process improvement. Six Sigma improves quality by identifying and eliminating the causes of defects and minimizing the variability in a manufacturing process. A Six Sigma process is one in which 99.99966% of the products of the process are free of defects. Of the available choices, only consulting with a certified Six Sigma Black Belt expert would be beneficial in reducing the defect rate of a manufacturing process.

Details for Each Option:

A. Introducing the use of a kanban board into the manufacturing process
Incorrect. A kanban system is based on the theory-of-constraints and pull-based scheduling concepts from lean manufacturing to limit a team's work in progress in order to balance demand against the teams' delivery throughput. The use of a kanban board can improve efficiency and productivity but does not directly address defect rates.

B. Consulting with a certified Six Sigma Black Belt expert
Correct. Six Sigma improves quality by identifying and eliminating the causes of defects and minimizing the variability in a manufacturing process. A six sigma process is one in which 99.99966% of the products produced by the process are free of defects. Therefore, consulting with a certified Six Sigma Black Belt expert would be the most beneficial for the project to achieve its primary objective of reducing the defect rate in the production process.

C. Utilizing rolling wave planning for the project
Incorrect. Rolling wave planning is an iterative planning technique in which the work to be accomplished in the near term is planned in detail, while the work in the future is planned at a higher level. Rolling wave planning does not influence quality improvement for a manufacturing process. Additionally, the question states that the project manager is performing quality assurance which indicates that the project is already in the execution stage and planning has been completed.

D. Adopting a just-in-time (JIT) manufacturing process
Incorrect. Just-in-time (JIT) manufacturing is a resource management strategy which reduces inventory costs and waste by receiving goods only when they are required, or just in time. Adopting a just-in-time (JIT) manufacturing process does not address the defect rate of a manufacturing process as asked by the question.

Reference: A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge, (PMBOK® Guide) – Sixth Edition, Project Management Institute Inc., 2017, Page(s) 296, 310, 275, 177; see also https://www.pmi.org/learning/library/six-sigma-method-applications-pm-8515

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Featured PMP® Exam Lessons Learned from Kelly Lu, PMP

Featured PMP® Exam Lessons Learned from Kelly Lu, PMPLessons learned towards becoming a Project Management Professional (PMP)® shared with us by PM PrepCast student Kelly Lu, PMP.

"I had about 4 years of experience in project management, even though I never held an official title as a PM. I decided to get a PMP® certificate on Christmas Day of 2017 when our family sat together chatting and talking about the new year resolution. Without any idea or even a clue, I immediately went online and did a quick search on how to get a PMP® certificate. “PM PrepCast” website came up and showed very easy-to-follow step-by-step instructions on how to become a certified PMP®. I also read the reviews and testimonials from PM PrepCast’s students and purchased the “PrepCast and simulator bundle” right away. From then on, my PMP exam preparation journey started. It was for A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide) 5th edition, so I had the pressure knowing that I had to finish preparation and take the exam by Mar 25, 2018 (literally 3 months sharp!)..."

Read more here: https://www.project-management-prepcast.com/kunena/pmp-exam-lessons-learned/7095-thanks-to-pm-prepcast-i-passed-pmp-exam-on-first-try-12-weeks-prep

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Free PMP® Exam Sample Question

iStock 180743317 0000You are in the planning stage of a commercial real estate development project, and you are facilitating a meeting with your project team to develop the team charter. At the start of the meeting, a team member states, "I don't understand the importance of this meeting. We are all professionals, and this isn't our first project working together. Wouldn't our time be better spent getting an early start on project execution?" The body language of the other team members suggests that they are in agreement with the comments. How should you respond to the team member?

A. As long as everyone is in agreement, then let's skip the team charter and get ahead of schedule
B. Let's use the team charter from our last project as a starting point and then update it as necessary
C. The team charter is required by the project management office (PMO) for all projects
D. The team charter will eliminate any potential conflicts which will improve our productivity

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HINT: What is the best way to gain the commitment of the project team for the guidelines in the team charter in this scenario?
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All our questions are updated to the latest A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide) standard. Stop by at http://free.pm-exam-simulator.com/ and try the PM Exam Simulator free for 7 days. We are a Project Management Institute (PMI)® Registered Education Provider.

Answer and Explanation:
The correct answer is B.

The team charter establishes clear expectations regarding acceptable behavior by the project team members. An early commitment to clear guidelines decreases misunderstandings and increases productivity. The question indicates that the project team has worked together on previous projects. If the team charter from the last project was effective, it serves as a good starting point for use on the current project. It is essential that the project manager gain the commitment of the project team for the guidelines established by the team charter, and if using the previous team charter as a template helps gain the commitment of the project team, then it is a worthwhile compromise. Of the available choices, using the previous project charter as a starting point provides the best opportunity to gain the commitment of the project team.

Details for Each Option:

A. As long as everyone is in agreement, then let's skip the team charter and get ahead of schedule
Incorrect. The team charter establishes clear expectations regarding acceptable behavior project team members. An early commitment to clear guidelines decreases misunderstandings and increases productivity. The team should not forgo the team charter as skipping it would not likely save time over the course of the project.

B. Let's use the team charter from our last project as a starting point and then update it as necessary
Correct. It is important for the project team to agree to clear guidelines in order to decrease misunderstandings and increase productivity. The question indicates that the project team has worked together on previous projects. If the team charter from the last project was effective, it serves as a good starting point for use on the current project. The team can then discuss the guidelines and make any necessary changes for use in the current project. As long as the project team can commit to the guidelines established by the team charter, it should serve as a useful working document.

C. The team charter is required by the project management office (PMO) for all projects
Incorrect. It is not known from the question if the performing organization has a project management office (PMO) or if the team charter is a requirement. Even if the team charter is a requirement, this is not the best reason for using the team charter to provide to the project team. This approach may lead to the project team completing the charter to satisfy the requirement rather than making a sincere effort in creating a useful document.

D. The team charter will eliminate any potential conflicts which will improve our productivity
Incorrect. The team charter establishes clear guidelines to decrease misunderstandings and increase productivity. It is unrealistic to believe that the team charter will eliminate 'any' potential conflicts. Additionally, some conflict can be healthy as differences of opinion can lead to increased creativity and better decision making.

Reference: A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide) – Sixth Edition, Project Management Institute Inc., 2017, Page(s) 319-320

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